The Biltmore Estate – Entrepeneurs from the Beginning

Pure Capitalism – it’s what made this most amazing mansion possible in the 1890’s and what makes its existence today a reality.  The Vanderbilt’s keep the amazing 175,000 square foot masterpiece open to the public.  You won’t be visiting all of the rooms, in fact, you will only see a small portion of the spacious and glorious mansion for your $50, but it truly is something to see.  The tour is self-guided and you can rent headphones for an audio tour for an additional charge.  You will begin your tour with the grand entryway and wind your way up to a portion of the sleeping chambers and complete your tour in the basement getting a glance at the multiple kitchens.  The home is spectacular and every room is a reminder of the power of money and in-turn, the power of the Vanderbilt family in the latter half of the 19th century.  Pure capitalism at its finest.

As we were soaking in the sights, my mother became annoyed at the fact that home is not public domain, but instead,  remains the property of the Vanderbilt family.  The revenue from the tours is largely devoted to restoration of the family home and heirlooms.  My mother explained that the Vanderbilt’s were still nothing more than robberbarons to this day.  I reminded her that nobody twisted her arm to visit the elegant domain, and truly, were they “raping” the public, or had they simply hit on genius?  Seriously, think about it, the most expensive house in America to maintain, still has to be maintained, and the heirlooms have to be preserved, so how does a family do this in a world where wealth is not so divided as it was in the 1890’s?  The answer is brilliance, charge people a ridiculous fee to come and visit only a portion of the mansion and then use the funds to meticulously restore and preserve the home, which remains in the name of the Vanderbilt family.  Not only do they enjoy the profits from the ticket sales, but maintain the insurmountable wealth of the family.   Go for it, if people are willing to pay the piper to get a glimpse of “How the Other Half Lives” in reverse,  more power to them.  This being said, the story should not end here.

The home was spectacular, but in  my opinion, the Vanderbilt’s owe America a bit more than a tour.  There was little to no discussion of the history behind the home.  Aside from the fact that George Washington Vanderbilt built the mansion with the wealth earned by Cornelius Vanderbilt, there was no discussion whatsoever about how Cornelius made that fortune.  There was no mention of the disparities between rich and poor.  There was not a word on the industry or industrial workers who made the fortune that built America’s greatest castle.  Why?  Because the history is reality of the downside of such glorious wealth, it is the story of the workers who were slighted so that one family could prosper and indulge beyond words.  The home today is a celebration of that wealth.  Unfortunately, the family is showing as much concern in 2010 for the disgusting violation of workers rights and crude business practices as they did when their family was building their fortune.    Unlike Carnegie and the other “Roberbarons”, Cornelius Vanderbilt was not known for his philanthropy.  Nothing comes without a price and the term “robberbaron” was certainly earned.  Indeed,  cutthroat means of wealth building were a sign of the times during the turn-of-the 19th Century, but they most certainly were not during the turn-of-the 20th Century.  The Vanderbilt’s owe at minimum, acknowledgment of their family’s role and contribution to the labor and social issues that forced children into the factories, and made tenement life a reality for huge populations of mostly immigrant families in America during the late 19th Century and early into the 20th Century.  They have every right to celebrate the home and their fortune, but have the decency to at some point, at least acknowledge that the home would never have existed had it not been for back-breaking labor of the meaner sort.


4 thoughts on “The Biltmore Estate – Entrepeneurs from the Beginning

  1. You are so right. There were something like 46 bathrooms in the home (tour shows you one). Interestingly enough, there was not a bathroom provided for the servants. They used chamber pots. Hmmmm…….

  2. Amazing isn’t it? They actually have a smaller table located in front of the fireplace where the family sat when they were not serving guests. They wanted a more “intimate setting”. Can you even imagine?

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